If You Want Trade Financing, But You Don’t Understand What a Bank Guarantee (BG) Is; then you shouldn’t worry because we will tell you everything you need to know about Bank Guarantee (BG) Providers, The Different Types of Bank Guarantee (BG), Uses of Bank Guarantee (BG) and Bank Guarantee (BG) Process.
Kingrise Finance Limited is a Genuine Bank Guarantee Provider, International Bank Guarantee Provider, Lease BG SBLC Provider, bank instruments providers, bank guarantee monetization, bank guarantee funding process, bank guarantee discounting, and Bank Guarantee Monetization.
What is a Bank Guarantee (BG)?
A bank guarantee is a promise from a bank or a financial institution that if a particular borrower defaults on a loan, the bank will cover the loss. The bank guarantee signifies a lending institution ensures that the liabilities of a debtor are going to be met. In other words, if the debtor is unsuccessful to settle a debt, the bank will cover it. A bank guarantee allows the customer, or debtor, to acquire goods, purchase equipment or draw down a loan.
A bank guarantee acts similarly to a line of credit, except that a line of credit can be drawn upon at will by the bank’s client. A bank guarantee is used only if the client does not pay its vendor an agreed-upon amount. U.S. credit institutions are forbidden from assuming guarantee obligations, and therefore most international transactions require a standby letter of credit.
Types of Bank Guarantees
There are many different types of Bank Guarantee namely:
- A Payment Guarantee assures a seller the purchase price is paid on a set date.
- An Advance Payment Guarantee acts as collateral for reimbursing advance payment from the buyer if the seller does not supply the specified goods per the contract.
- A Performance Bond serves as collateral for the buyer’s costs incurred if services or goods are not provided as agreed in the contract.
- A credit security bond serves as collateral for repaying a loan.
For example, St. Marys hospital is a new hospital that wants to buy $1 million in medical equipment. The equipment vendor requires St. Marys hospital to provide a bank guarantee to cover payments before they ship the equipment to St. Marys hospital. St. Marys hospital requests a guarantee from the lending institution such as Kingrise Finance Limited ( kingrisefinance.com ) keeping its cash accounts. Kingrise Finance Limited essentially cosigns the purchase contract with the vendor.
Uses of Bank Guarantee
- When large companies purchase from small vendors, they generally require the vendors to provide guarantee certificates from banks before providing such business opportunities.
- Predominantly used in the purchase and sale of goods on credit basis, where the seller is assured of payment from the bank in case of default by the buyer.
- Helps in certifying the credibility of individuals, which in turn, enables them in obtaining loans and also assists in business activities.
Though there are lots of uses from a bank guarantee for the applicant, the bank should process the same only after ensuring the financial stability of the applicant/business. The risk involved in providing such a guarantee must be analysed thoroughly by the bank
Advantages and Disadvantages of Bank Guarantees
Bank guarantee has its own advantages and disadvantages. The advantages are:
- Bank guarantee reduces the financial risk involved in the business transaction.
- Due to low risk, it encourages the seller/beneficiaries to expand their business on a credit basis.
- Banks generally charge low fees for guarantees, which is beneficial to even small-scale business.
- When banks analyse and certify the financial stability of the business, its credibility increases and this, in turn, increase business opportunities.
- Mostly, the guarantee requires fewer documents and is processed quickly by the banks (if all the documents are submitted).
On the flip side, there are some disadvantages such as:
- Sometimes, the banks are so rigid in assessing the financial position of the business. This makes the process complicated and time-consuming.
- With the strict assessment of banks, it is very difficult to obtain a bank guarantee by loss-making entities.
- For certain guarantees involving high-value or high-risk transactions, banks will require collateral security to process the guarantee.
Bank Guarantee Costs & Charges
Generally, BG charges are based on the risk assumed by the bank in each transaction. For example, a financial BG is considered to assume more risk than a performance BG. Hence, the fee for financial BG will be higher than the fee charged for performance BG.
Based on the type of the BG, fees are generally charged on a quarterly basis on the BG value of 0.75% or 0.50% during the BG validity period. Apart from this, the bank may also charge the application processing fee, documentation fee, and handling fee.
In some cases, security is required by the bank from its applicant, which is generally 100% of the BG value. In certain cases, collateral security or cash margin may also be accepted by the issuing bank. But Kingrise Finance Limited offers more flexible terms than banks, contact us today to get a free quote and free consultation.
The difference between Bank Guarantee (BG) & Letter of Credit (LOC)
Bank Guarantee is not the same as a letter of credit, although with both instruments the issuing bank accepts a customer’s liability if the customer defaults. With a guarantee, the seller’s claim goes first to the buyer, and if the buyer defaults, then the claim goes to the bank. With letters of credit, the seller’s claim goes first to the bank, not the buyer. Although the seller will likely get paid in both cases, letters of credit offer more assurance to sellers than guarantees generally do.
LOC is a financial document which imposes an obligation on the bank to make payment to the beneficiary on completion of certain services as required by the applicant. LOC is issued by the bank when the buyer requests his bank to make payment to the seller on the receipt of certain goods or services.
That is, when the buyer runs into cash flow difficulties or similar situations and thus cannot make immediate payment to the seller, he will approach his bank to make the payment to the seller on submission of certain documents. The bank will later recover the amount paid from the buyer along with the required charges.
On the other hand, under BG, the bank is required to make payment to the third-party only if the applicant fails to make the payment to the third-party or does not fulfil the required obligations under the contract. A BG is essentially used to ensure a seller from loss or damage due to the non-performance by the other party in a contract.
However, there are a lot of differences between LOC and BG.
Major differences between Letter of Credit (LOC) and Bank Guarantee (BG)
|Nature||LOC is an obligation accepted by a bank to make payment to a beneficiary if certain services are performed.||BG is an assurance given by the bank to the beneficiary to make the specified payment in case of default by the applicant.|
|Primary liability||Bank retains the primary liability to make the payment and later collects the same from the customer.||The bank assumes to make the payment only when the customer defaults to make payment.|
|Payment||Bank makes the payment to the beneficiary as and when it is due. It need not wait for a default to be made by the customer.||Only when the customer defaults the payment to the beneficiary, the bank makes the payment.|
|Way of working||LOC ensures that the amount will be paid as long as the services are performed as per the agreed terms.||BG assures to compensate for the loss if the applicant does not satisfy the specified conditions.|
|Number of parties involved||There are multiple parties involved here – LOC Issuing bank, its customer, the beneficiary (third party), and advising bank.||There are only three parties involved – banker, its customer, and the beneficiary (third party).|
|Suitability||Generally, this is more appropriate during the import and export of goods and services.||Suits any business or personal transactions.|
|Risk||Bank assumes more risk than the customer.||Customer assumes the primary risk.|
How Does a Client Receive a Bank Guarantee (BG) from KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED.
The best way to Receive a Bank Guarantee (BG) Is through Kingrise Finance Limited. Kingrise Finance Limited was incorporated in Hong Kong on 22-SEP-1999 to provide Business Loan, SME Loans, Project Financing, Recourse / Non Recourse Loans, Secured / Unsecured Loans, Standby Letter of Credit, Bank Guarantee Funding, Performance Guarantee Bond, Tender Bond Guarantee, Advance Payment Guarantee, Bank Comfort Letter etc.
Step by step procedure to receive a bank guarantee, bg or sblc through Kingrise Finance Limited in year 2020.
Step 1: Application is made to KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED for opening of a BG/SBLC including but not limited to the following:
1. BG/SBLC application form. (Provided by KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED upon request)
2. Desired verbiage of BG/SBLC. (If none provided, KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED will provide its normal BG/SBLC / letter of credit verbiage.
3. SWIFT code and address of beneficiary bank.
4. Know Your Customer (KYC) documents including but not limited to: Passport copy of applicant, proof of address documents such as electricity or water bill, articles of incorporation of applicant company and brief summary, executive summary and/or business plan of underlying transaction.
Step 2: KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED reviews all documents presented and evaluates acceptability of documents. KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED then either approves application or denies and shall inform the applicant of such decision.
Step 3: KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED prepares draft of the BG/SBLC as it is comfortable to issue and forwards to client for approval. All drafts shall be in line with rules and regulations governing the issuance of BG/SBLC.
Step 4: The client approves the draft and:
1. Signs a contract agreeing to the terms and conditions of issuance and issuance charges as negotiated.
2. KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED issues the invoice for the agreed upon charges.
Step 5: Client makes payment of charges as per agreed upon payment structure.
1. Client shall provide TT/Wire copy of payment made to KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED account.
2. KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED shall confirm to client credit of funds upon receipt of funds to KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED account.
Step 6: KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED uploads draft to SWIFT system and provides copy to applicant for final approval of message. Upon approval given by applicant KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED then releases the SWIFT to beneficiary bank coordinates.
Step 7: Copies of released SWIFT are then forwarded to the client via email or hard copy as requested. In case the client is represented by an advisor, then it is forwarded to the advisor only.
Step 8: Any amendments to BG/SBLC are subject to approval of KINGRISE FINANCE LIMITED.
If you need further information about Standby Letter of Credit (SBLC), Bank Guarantee (BG) or any other financial instrument kindly contact Kingrise Finance Limited For More Information and Assistance.